. How many different bacterial species contributed to the pk214 plasmid? Enterococcus faecium Lactococcus lactis Mycoplasma Listeria monocytogenes Enterococcus faecalis Lectococcus lactis 24 Enterococcus faecium Listerie monocytogenes Staphylococcus aureus o Plasmid pk 214 Streptococcus agalactie Lactobacillus plantarum Lectococcus loctis Streptococcus pyogenes Escherichia coll Lactococcus facts Staphylococcus aureus Enterococcus fordum Escherichia coll Escherichia COV Staphylococcus aureus Fee wieder Gemeinde 8. The example depicted here shows that bacterial genomic loci/gene “at” was transduced into the newly infected cell at the end of the flow chart. Ö. Donor bacterium Phages carrying donor genes a.Refer to the image at the right. Could “b+” be transduced instead of “a+” and what frequency would you expect for “a+” and “b+” to appear in sub- sequent infections? Transduced bacterium Recipient bacterium b. What physical process is responsible for the introduction of the a+gene into the bacterial ge- nome? 9. Explain the difference between Horizontal and Vertical gene transmission. Give examples of each

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