INSTRUCTIONS FOR WRITING THE LITERATURE REVIEW
Present and analyse in a critical manner, in a way that the literature will be relevant to the research topic and to act as the basis for a fuller understanding of the context in which you are conducting the research on. Remember critical does not mean looking at the negatives but forming an evaluation.
Show the key variables, trends and ?actors? that are in the environment of the study, i.e. Training, Human Capital Development, Organizational Productivity, show the important issues that needs to be investigated.
The literature review is presented in the form of a pr‚cis, a classification, a comparison and a critical analysis of that material which is germane to a full understanding of your research study. Such published material may be drawn from all, or a combination of, textbooks, journal articles, conference papers, reports, case studies, the Internet, magazine features or newspaper articles. It should be remembered, however, that the most important source of academic literature are journal articles and you should ensure that you are familiar with the most recent publications in journals relevant to your subject area. Importance of presenting a rounded debate: all the relevant arguments and the counterarguments
1 The introduction of the Literature review might include:
? A definition or description of topic in general terms, or of the issues you propose to investigate ? this will give the reader a context in which the literature may be viewed.
? The key trends in this sector of the literature, the main theories and areas of disagreement, and possibly, gaps in the literature.
? An explanation of why you are conducting this literature review and the standpoint you will be adopting when conducting your critical analysis.
? The manner in which the review will be presented. ? An explanation as to why, if appropriate, some literature has not been included in the study.
2 The Main Body of the Literature Review
3 This might include:
? Begin with a discussion of the main theories or models, which are appropriate to the study.
? Group together appropriate themes or trends and discuss them in detail.
? Begin in general terms and then narrow down to specific details, this applies to the entire literature review and to individual sections.
? Try to explain and, if possible, to resolve conflicts in what you report.
? Cover all the topics which are relevant to the dissertation.
? Be comprehensive enough to act as a suitably firm foundation, such that it will support the research in the remainder of the dissertation.
? Be up to date ? always try to employ the most contemporary journal articles or sources. The Conclusion of the Literature Review At the end of the Literature Review, in this conclusion, you should make explicit what exactly the research objectives of the research are, so that the reader is in no doubt as to what you are about to investigate. In order to do this, you should:
? Summarise the major points that the literature review has uncovered.
? Point out the gap(s) in the literature, if there are any, and use these to emphasise the justification for carrying out the current research project.
? Remember that your literature review should lead and justify the research objectives and questions of your dissertation