Fibre Bragg Gratings (FBGS) and Its Application as Optical Sensors in the Oil and Gas Industries
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Fibre Bragg Gratings (FBGS) and Its Application as Optical Sensors in the Oil and Gas Industries
The evolution of optical fibers has brought them to the spot in which they are associated with current sensing systems; however, the demand for bulk optics in place to direct the light has resulted in larger networks. Because profit-maximizing oil firms are so important to countries, communities, and individuals all over the world, cost-effective oil production is more important than ever. To increase returns and profits, technological advancements are required in critical sectors of the oil industry, most notably reservoir investigation and oil and gas production operations. The use of modern technologies in oil refinery processes, as well as in inspection and avoiding leaks in oil and gas transport pipelines, will have an impact on future global oil production ADDIN EN.CITE Lumens20144(Lumens, 2014)4417Lumens, Paul Gerald EdmondFibre-optic sensing for application in oil and gas wellsP. hD thesis, Eindhoven University of TechnologyP. hD thesis, Eindhoven University of Technology2014(Lumens, 2014). Previously, oil researchers would make educated guesses about the location of underground reservoirs based on surface indicators of their presence. Since this large proportion of shallow oil reservoirs have been depleted, researchers are presently looking for oil in deep and offshore reserves ADDIN EN.CITE Qiao20171(Qiao, 2017)1117Qiao, XueguangShao, ZhihuaBao, WeijiaRong, QiangzhouFiber Bragg grating sensors for the oil industrySensorsSensors4291732017(Qiao et al., 2017). Given the remoteness of these reserves, as well as the complexity and cost of offshore drilling, such “missed wells” add significantly to the cost of advancing subsequently discovered deposits. Seismic surveys, three-dimensional spectroscopy, and virtual reality could now enable engineers to precisely predict where to drill for oil. As a result, the number of exploratory wells that must be drilled is greatly reduced, permitting for thorough planning and drilling of production