Animal Extinction
Institutional Affiliation:
Animal Extinction
a. What species did you research and why?
I selected the passenger pigeon for research. This species is also known as the wild pigeon or Ectopistes migratorius (Hedrick, 2018). The common name of the passenger pigeon was derived from the term ?passager? which is French word that means “passing by.” The species name was given due to the birds migratory habits. The scientific name of the species also describes the migratory characteristics of the species.
b. Where was this species originally located and what sort of habitat did it occupy?
The extinct species of the passenger pigeon was originally rampant in the east of the North American Rocky Mountains. It was also found across the great plains of the Atlantic coast and the south of Canada as well as northern Mississippi in the US (Hedrick, 2018). Its major habitat was the eastern deciduous forests. The wild pigeon habitat was mostly the mixed hardwood forests as the species relied on the forests for the nesting sites during spring. During the winter period, the wild pigeon depended on the hardwood forest to get food and roosting. The diet of the wild pigeon included chestnuts, acorns, berries and beechnuts as well as seeds from the forest.
c. What categories of extinction vulnerabilities listed in Chapter 5 (attached) affected this species? List as many as apply.
The passenger pigeon was exposed to several extinction vulnerabilities which include: