Annotated Bibliography
Student’s Name
Annotated Bibliography
Dunlop, L., Atkinson, L., & Turkenburg-van Diepen, M. (2020). Perspectives on fracking from the sacrifice zone: young people’s knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 21(3), 714-729.
In this article, the author mainly seeks to address the importance of the fracking process from an environmental perspective. The author applies synthesis different research and knowledge to validate his point of view regarding the implication of fracking in the American environment welfare. Dunlop et al. address the controversy about fracking by basically emphasizing the two merits of cracking: lowering the cost of United States energy and, more importantly, helping reach the goal of energy security. According to Dunlop et al., fracking is a crucial step in achieving the energy security goal in the USA. The energy security goal in the USA was a move that was established to ensure that the economy operates perfectly without disruption of energy crisis. As hypothesized in many cases, Dunlop et al. generally conclude that fracking has no impact on water and atmospheric pollution by emitting greenhouse gases. The research employs a biased stand on the fracking process. Dunlop et al. mainly discuss the merits of the fracking process. The research seems weak as it primarily employs the view on the fracking process from a personal perspective.
Ladd, A. E. (Ed.). (2018). Fractured communities: Risk, impacts, and protest against hydraulic fracking in US shale regions. Rutgers University Press.
In this research paper, Ladd mainly seeks to address the environmental and health dangers associated with fracking in the quest of obtaining fossil energy. Ladd employs an analytical perspective in describing the health and the ecological factors associated with the fracking process. Ladd mainly addresses the impacts of the fracking process on water. According to Ladd, about 18 billion gallons of water were contaminated by the fracking process in 2018, a research conducted by the Water and Quality protection. Ladd significantly attributes the rise of the rate of infection based on contaminated water in 2018 to be an implication of the fracking contamination of the water table. The research and analysis employed by Ladd are robust and educative. It comprehensively discusses the dangers of the fracking process and weighs them with its few benefits. The author also uses actual data and findings to validate the research’s points, making the study very realistic.
Bill Freeman. (2013). Doe Fracking Harm the environment?,” American Institute for Technology and Science Education.
In this article, the author Bill Freeman aims to explore the topic of fracking in the USA and dispute the claims of the fracking process in polluting the environment and causing environmental degradation. In the article, Bill Freeman comprehensively addresses the main ideas in research by discussing the state of water and the water table and the 3rd party influence in articulating the effects of the fracking process. According to Bill Freeman, the fracking process is a well-regulated environmental activity that is well organized, regulated, and supervised to reduce the chances of USDWs contamination. Additionally, Bill Freeman argues that it is almost impossible for the fracking process to contaminate and affect USDWs, as the deepest tunnel for the fracking process dug in the USA is about 8500 feet far from the water table. Bill Freeman also argues that political and economic influences mainly contribute to increased advocacy on the environmental dangers of the fracking process. Bill Freeman contends that the controversy about the fracking process is primarily contributed to by people investing in other energy sources and facing stiff completion from fossil fuels. The research Bill Freeman is robust and comprehensively addresses the significant concerns about the implication of the fracking process in the environment. The study also employs scholarly articles and sources to validate main ideas.
Duffy, R. (2021). Synecdoche and Battles Over the Meaning of “Fracking.” Environmental Communication, 1-13.
In this article, Meng mainly seeks to discuss and describe the positive implication of the fracking process. Meng argues that fracking is a well-managed pr