Should the minimum drinking age be lowered?
Carpenter, C., & Dobkin, C. (2017). The minimum legal drinking age and morbidity in the United States. Review of Economics and Statistics, 99(1), 95-104.
The authors claim that there is a link between the minimum drinking age in the US and the prevalence of specific diseases. Carpenter and Dobkin argue that past research data shows that people who drink are prone to lifestyle diseases such as diabetes. The findings in the study also show that diseases such as cancer of the liver are more common among people who drink. Based on the above assertions, Carpenter and Dobkin argue that lowering the minimum drinking age would expose more people to the risk of opportunistic diseases at an early age. The authors even recommend that the current drinking age limit should be raised as it would prevent most young people from contracting specific diseases associated with drinking.
The authors also mentioned that the need to raise the minimum drinking age, as opposed to lowering it is informed by the rate of secondary deaths caused by drinking among young people. Carpenter and Dobkin cautioned that issues of gun violence and murders in the US are mainly caused by young people who are under the influence of drugs such as alcohol. The authors noted that unlike the majority of the older population, young people who consume alcohol are always aggressive and this leads to deaths which could have been prevented.
The above source would be important in helping to support different arguments about the topic. The source would seek to explain the existing relationship between comorbidity among young people and their use of drugs. The study will also help in the development of a guideline for policymakers to be able to identify the challenges associated with lowering the minimum drinking age.