Telemonitoring is a subdivision of telemedicine that involves the application of telecommunication and electronics technology to offer support healthcare services when the distance between the healthcare provider and the patient is large. It involves the utilization of audio and other information processing technology with an aim of monitoring and evaluating the status of the patient from a distance. The healthcare system and the patient analyzing or utilizing the interpreted data may be in the same building or different locations in a particular town or state.
The first case in regards to the utilization of the technology was the use of an electrocardiograph (ECG) in 1905 by Einthoven to transmit the patient’s variables. However, the frequent remote monitoring of the patients health status started in 1961 when EGG, respiratory rate, galvanic skin response and electro-oculogram were imposed on Yuri Gagarin, the doctors from the earth assessed the first human on space. Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin were monitored 384,467 kilometers away from the earth by the use of ECG, and the information received at the Mission control centre during various times of Apollo 11 moons mission.
Elements of Telemonitoring
Simple monitoring of a patient’s health status includes the medical practitioners using their own sensory organs to examine the breathing rate, pulse rate and many more (Pare et el, 2007). The process becomes more sophisticated when simple equipments such as stethoscope, thermometer and sphygmanometer are utilized to monitor the health status directly. All the other processes that remain include the relevant response on the part of the practitioner and this involves his or her brains. With the advancement of technology, there has been separation between various links in the chain of events between the process of measuring and acting